GONGJU CITY

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Ugeumchi Battlefield

  • Address327-2 Geumhak-dong, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam-do
  • Opne hoursOpen year-round

Information

The Ugeumti Pass was an important gateway to the southern area of Gongju, where the Chungcheong-do Provincial Office was located. It was also considered a strategic point in the Hoseo region and a military foothold in the central area. In 1894, the Donghak Peasants Army led by Jeon Bong-jun engaged in an armed rebellion against feudalism and foreign powers. The Donghak Peasants Army, armed with bamboo spears, fought against the Japanese troops who had guns and swords, and they were annihilated after 40 to 50 battles that took over the course of 6 to 7 days. The Donghak Peasants Revolution came to an end after a year-long revolt, with the execution of Jeon Bong-jun.
At first, it started out as a political movement through the Sinwon Movement led by Choe Je-u, and progressed into what is now known as the Donghak Peasants Revolution. This place has been designated as a national historical site in recognition of its association with the national movement led by the Donghak Peasants Army, and the Memorial Tower for Donghak Revolutionists dedicated to the Peasants Army was erected in 1973.