Medical Allowance System

Types of Medical Institutions

Medical institutions are categorized according to the scale of the institution, the order of use, the services, and specializations. Patients in need of medical treatment for the flu or digestive problems may visit a local hospital. When more intensive examination is required, a patient may be treated at a general hospital or a university hospital.

Primary Secondary
Scale Local hospitals, public health centers Clinics, general hospitals University hospitals Specialized general hospitals
Medical Treatment Outpatient medical centers, vaccinations, health management Physical examination, hospitalization Intensive examination, medical treatment for disorder or disease, health management
Medical Institutions Public health centers, oriental medicine clinics, internal medicine, pediatrics, family medicine, health checkup centers General hospitals with specialized departments University hospitals, specialized hospitals

Major Services and Major Diseases

Clinic Field
Internal Medicine Deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases not requiring surgery: Esophagus, stomach, lungs, heart, blood vessels, blood pressure, diabetes and others
Pediatrics Deals with the care and treatment of infants and children under 18: Care of premature babies, treatment of children's diseases, allergies and others
Obstetrics & Gynecology Deals with pregnancy and childbirth, and the treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive organs
Psychiatry Deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders
Neurology Deals with disorders of the nervous system, including apoplexy, epilepsy, dementia and neuralgia
Family Medicine Provides comprehensive health care to people regardless of age or gender, placing particular emphasis on the family unit
Dermatology Deals with skin conditions including acne, hives and hair loss
General Surgery Deals with appendicitis, infectious diseases, and diseases of the digestive organs requiring surgery
Orthopedic Surgery Treats disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles by manual and instrumental means
Plastic Surgery Performs eyelid reshaping and burn treatment to improve the shape and function of the body
Rehabilitation Medicine Deals with disorders of the muscles, bones and nerve systems in cooperation with rehabilitation medicine doctors and physical therapists
Urology Deals with disorders of the urinary tract, including the kidneys and urinary bladder, and reproductive organs such as the penis and the testicles
Ophthalmology Deals with disorders of the eyes and eye nerves, including surgery for cataracts, glaucoma or shortsightedness
Otorhinolaryngology Deals with diseases related with the ears, nose and throat
Dentistry Treats decayed teeth, and performs teeth straightening, dental prosthesis, and scaling
Emergency Medicine Deals with the diagnosis and treatment of emergency patients
Oriental Medicine Deals with acupuncture, herbal medicines and other medical practices that originated in Asia

Coping with Emergency Situations

  • Emergency medicine and painkillers for colds and flu may be useful if you keep them at home.
  • If you call 119, an ambulance will come and bring you to the nearest hospital. You will be treated in the emergency room. If you need to be hospitalized for surgery or medical examination, you will have to wait to be assigned a hospital room. Once a room is assigned, you must follow hospitalization procedures.

* Source : Danuri (The multicultural family support portal site)